Result of Prospective Validation of the Trisomy Test® for the Detection of Chromosomal Trisomies

Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) is one of the most common prenatal screening tests used worldwide. Trisomy Test® belongs to NIPT tests based on low-coverage whole-genome sequencing. In our prospective study, 7279 samples of pregnant women collected during approximately two years were analyzed. In this cohort, 117 positive cases for trisomies 21, 18, and 13 were reported.

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Combination of Fetal Fraction Estimators Based on Fragment Lengths and Fragment Counts in Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing.

The reliability of non-invasive prenatal testing is highly dependent on accurate estimation of fetal fraction. Several methods have been proposed up to date, utilizing different attributes of analyzed genomic material, for example length and genomic location of sequenced DNA fragments. These two sources of information are relatively unrelated, but so far, there have been no published attempts to combine them to get an improved predictor.

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Adaptable Model Parameters in Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing Lead to More Stable Predictions.

Recent advances in massively parallel shotgun sequencing opened up new options for affordable non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for fetus aneuploidy from DNA material extracted from maternal plasma. Tests typically compare chromosomal distributions of a tested sample with a control set of healthy samples with unaffected fetuses. Deviations above certain threshold levels are concluded as positive findings.

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Quantification of peripheral whole blood, cell-free plasma and exosome encapsulated mitochondrial DNA copy numbers in patients with atrial fibrillation

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number changes have been associated with various diseases. Several studies showed that mtDNA content in peripheral bloodwas associated with oxidative stress and cardiovascular disease. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the severe cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to determine the mtDNA copy numbers in peripheral blood, in cell-free plasma and in exosomes of AF patients and healthy controls.

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Non-invasive prenatal testing as a valuable source of population specific allelic frequencies

Low-coverage massively parallel genome sequencing for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) of common aneuploidies is one of the most rapidly adopted and relatively low-cost DNA tests. Since aggregation of reads from a large number of samples allows overcoming the problems of extremely low coverage of individual samples, we describe the possible re-use of the data generated during NIPT testing for genome scale population specific frequency determination of small DNA variants, requiring no additional costs except of those for the NIPT test itself.

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Ultracentrifugation enrichment protocol followed by total RNA sequencing allows assembly of the complete mitochondrial genome

The mitochondrial genome is an independent genetic system in each eukaryotic cell outside the nuclear genome. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) appears in high copy number within one cell, unlike nuclear DNA, which exists in two copies. But nevertheless, mtDNA represent only small part of total cellular DNA what causes problematic analysis and identification of relevant mutations.

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Combining count- and length-based z-scores leads to improved predictions in non-invasive prenatal testing

Non-invasive prenatal testing or NIPT is currently among the top researched topic in obstetric care. While the performance of the current state-of-the-art NIPT solutions achieve high sensitivity and specificity, they still struggle with a considerable number of samples that cannot be concluded with certainty. Such uninformative results are often subject to repeated blood sampling and re-analysis, usually after two weeks, and this period may cause a stress to the future mothers as well as increase the overall cost of the test.

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On the critical evaluation and confirmation of germline sequence variants identified using massively parallel sequencing

Although massively parallel sequencing (MPS) is becoming common practice in both research and routine clinical care, confirmation requirements of identified DNA variants using alternative methods are still topics of debate. When evaluating variants directly from MPS data, different read depth statistics, together with specialized genotype quality scores are, therefore, of high relevance.

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Characterization of Dev-CD-23823 and Dev-CT57, new Autographivirinae bacteriophages infecting Cronobacter spp.

Cronobacter spp. are opportunistic pathogenic bacteria responsible for severe infections in neonates. Powdered infant formula has been confirmed to be the source of infection in some cases. Bacteriophages offer a safe means for eliminating this pathogen. In the present study, we characterized two closely related Cronobacter-specific bacteriophages of the proposed genus “GAP227virus”.

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