The first reported case of meckel-gruber syndrome associated with abnormal karyotype mosaic trisomy 17

Meckel-Gruber syndrome (MKS) is a rare lethal autosomal recessive disorder with typical anomalies including encephalocele, multicystic renal dysplasia, congenital liver fibrosis, and polydactyly. MKS is caused by mutations of genes localized on different chromosomes. Karyotypes of published Meckel-Gruber syndrome cases are without any aberrations…

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Population structure and dispersal routes of an invasive parasite, Fascioloides magna, in North America and Europe

Background: Fascioloides magna (Trematoda: Fasciolidae) is an important liver parasite of a wide range of free-living and domestic ruminants; it represents a remarkable species due to its large spatial distribution, invasive character, and potential to colonize new territories. The present study provides patterns of population genetic structure and admixture in F. magna across all enzootic regions in North America and natural foci in Europe, and infers migratory routes of the parasite on both continents…

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Investigation of bacterial and archaeal communities: novel protocols using modern sequencing by Illumina MiSeq and traditional DGGE-cloning

Different protocols based on Illumina high-throughput DNA sequencing and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)-cloning were developed and applied for investigating hot spring related samples. The study was focused on three target genes: archaeal and bacterial 16S rRNA and mcrA of methanogenic microflora. Shorter read lengths of the currently most popular technology of sequencing by Illumina do not allow analysis of the complete 16S rRNA region, or of longer gene fragments, as was the case of Sanger sequencing…

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Utilization of benchtop next generation sequencing platforms ion torrent PGM and miseq in noninvasive prenatal testing for chromosome 21 trisomy and testing of impact of in silico and physical size selection on its analytical performance

Objectives The aims of this study were to test the utility of benchtop NGS platforms for NIPT for trisomy 21 using previously published z score calculation methods and to optimize the sample preparation and data analysis with use of in silico and physical size selection methods. Methods Samples from 130 pregnant women were analyzed by whole genome sequencing on benchtop NGS systems Ion Torrent PGM and MiSeq…

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Comparison of different DNA binding fluorescent dyes for applications of high-resolution melting analysis

Objectives: Different applications of high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis have been adopted for a wide range of research and clinical applications. This study compares the performance of selected DNA binding fluorescent dyes for their possible application in HRM. Design and methods: We compared twelve dyes with basic properties considered relevant for PCR amplification and melting curve analysis. These included PCR inhibition, fluorescence intensity, the ability to generate melting curves and their effect on melting temperature (Tm)…

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Genetic interrelationships of North American populations of giant liver fluke Fascioloides magna

Background: Population structure and genetic interrelationships of giant liver fluke Fascioloides magna from all enzootic North American regions were revealed in close relation with geographical distribution of its obligate definitive cervid hosts for the first time. Methods: Variable fragments of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1; 384 bp) and nicotinamide dehydrogenase subunit I (nad1; 405 bp) were applied as a tool. The concatenated data set of both cox1 and nad1 sequences (789 bp) contained 222 sequences that resulted in 50 haplotypes…

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Interpretation of clinical significance of sequence variants in molecular genetics

By applications of genomic analyses we are able to get an enormous number of different sequence variants in each analysed individual. From these only a small, although constantly growing, number of variants are already known and well characterised, while the majority of them are yet not characterised unknown variants. Their correct classification and interpretation are key factors for the understanding and usage of their informational value in clinical practice…

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The microbiomes of a XVIII century mummy from the castle of Krásna Hôrka (Slovakia) and its surrounding environment

This microbiological survey was performed to determine the conservation state of a mummy in the Slovak castle of Krásna Hôrka and its surrounding environment. Culture-dependent identification was coupled with biodegradation assays on keratin, gelatin and cellulose. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) using Illumina platform was used for a deeper microbial investigation…

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Effect of different DNA concentration methods on performance of non-invasive fetal y-chromosomal short tandem repeat profiling from maternal plasma

Background: The accuracy and reliability of detection of free fetal DNA in plasma of pregnant women can be significantly improved by increasing the overall DNA concentration following the isolation from maternal plasma. The aim of our study was to compare DNA concentration methods on samples with free fetal DNA. Materials and Methods: DNA isolated from plasma samples of pregnant women carrying a male fetus were concentrated by 3 different methods: vacuum concentration, centrifugal filters and spin columns…

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Selection of an optimal method for co-isolation of circulating DNA and miRNA from the plasma of pregnant women

Background: Circulating nucleic acids acquired non-invasively have been confirmed as useful biomarkers in cancer and prenatal medicine. The most important molecules in the field of circulating nucleic acids research are circulating DNA and miRNA. In this study, the possibility of co-isolation of total circulating DNA, cell-free fetal DNA and miRNA from the plasma of pregnant women was tested, and the yields of co-isolated circulating nucleic acids using two commercial kits and three protocols were compared…

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